Thursday, September 30, 2010

So-called former Muslim Barack Hussein Obama explains his warped version of Christianity.

Rush Limbaugh pointed out on his radio show yesterday, that on June 28, 2006, Barack Hussein Obama addressed a conference in Washington, D.C., where he expressed his objection to the words contained in both the Old Testament as well as Jesus Christ's famous Sermon on the Mount which he described as: “a passage that is so radical that it's doubtful that our own Defense Department would survive its application” Here is Barack Hussein Obama’s complete statement:
    “And even if we did have only Christians in our midst, if we expelled every non-Christian from the United States of America, whose Christianity would we teach in the schools? Would we go with James Dobson's, or Al Sharpton's? Which passages of Scripture should guide our public policy? Should we go with Leviticus, which suggests slavery is OK and that eating shellfish is abomination? How about Deuteronomy, which suggests stoning your child if he strays from the faith? Or should we just stick to the Sermon on the Mount - a passage that is so radical that it's doubtful that our own Defense Department would survive its application? So before we get carried away, let's read our Bibles. Folks haven't been reading their Bibles.”  (Video below)

Obama continues to apply his warped view of Christianity whenever he touches on the subject. His so-called adopted religion that he learned from Rev. Jeremiah Wright who famously told his congregation they should not sing “God Bless America” but “God damn America.”  The same Rev. Wright who brought Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan to preach hatred for America before his congregation.

That speech in June 2006 was not the first time Obama's referencing of the Bible has caused controversy. Rush Limbaugh enlightened his radio audience with the following quote from Obama’s backyard town-hall meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico on Sept. 28, 2010:
“I'm a Christian, uh, by choice. Um, you know, my family didn't – frankly, they weren't, uh, folks who went to church every – every week. Um, my mother was one of the most spiritual people I knew, but she didn't, uh, raise me in the church. Uh, so I came to, to, uh, my Christian faith later in life, uh, and it was because the, the, the, precepts of Jesus Christ spoke to me in terms of the kind of life that I would want to lead – being my brother's and sister's keeper, treating others as they would treat me ... also understanding that Jesus Christ dying for my sins spoke to the humility we all have to have as human beings, that we're sinful, and we're flawed, and we make mistakes, and that we achieve salvation through the grace of God.”

   “ But what we can do, as flawed as we are, is still see God in other people and do our best to help them find their own grace. So that's what I strive to do, that's what I pray to do every day. I think my public service is a part of that effort to express my Christian faith.” ( 5 min 48 sec Video below)

Then, according to WorldNet Daily News Rush Limbaugh gave a detailed analysis of Barack Hussein Obama's remarks on his radio show:
"There's a lot of people who do not know details of their own religious belief. But the Golden Rule is not a precept of Christianity. I hate to point this out, but the Golden Rule does not emanate, originate, from Christianity. And this brother's keeper business? That's not Jesus. I hate to say this, but Jesus Christ did not talk about brother's keeper. That is from the story of Cain and Abel, and even that story is misunderstood. The story of Cain and Abel – my brother's keeper does not mean, "I'm going to take care of my brother or take care of my sister." The story of Cain and Abel, Cain killed Abel, and then he said he had no idea. He denied it. He denied killing Abel, and then said to God, "Am I my brother's keeper?" Meaning, "What, is he my responsibility? He's not my responsibility, I didn't kill my brother." Now, a lot of people misunderstand all this, but the Golden Rule doesn't come from Christianity, and Cain and Abel is not, "I'm going to take care of my brother and I'm going to take care of my sister," and Jesus Christ has nothing to do with either one of them."
And saying he was reluctant to point it out, Limbaugh also wondered about Obama's perceived lack of compassion for his own relatives in Africa.
"Obama's brother is still living in a hut – a 6-by-9-foot, un-air-conditioned, no-running-water, no-electricity hut in Kenya, outside Nairobi, somewhere over there. Twenty dollars. Guy lives on a dollar a year. Twenty bucks would be the equivalent of winning the lottery. And Obama has not reached out to keep his brother."
Both Limbaugh and WorldNet Daily News were being too kind in not saying more about Obama’s mother. The known facts are she was an athiest who married a Muslim and her best friends were members of the Communist Party including Frank Marshall Davis whom Obama acknowledged was his childhood mentor. Hardly a situation where you could learn any good values from family and friends that would help to shape you into a becoming a good citizen. Especially not when you spent your childhood learning the religion of Islam in Indonesia as the adopted son of a new Muslim stepfather.

Is Obama really a Christian or is he still a Muslim? Among the list of his personal background records that he has spent over a million dollars in legal fees to keep hidden from the public, he has not released his Certificate of Baptism. So it would be appropriate to hear Obama’s own words on his “former” Muslim faith. (Video below)

But then again, if Barack Hussein Obama, a.k.a Barry Soetoro, did in fact convert from being a Muslim to being a Christian he would become an Apostate in the eyes of Islamic Sharia Law and subject to the harshest penalties of the Koran, death. With the pictures of Obama bowing before the Muslim King of Saudi Arabia still fresh in my mind, I tend to think our gutless leader is still a Muslim who took Reverend Jeremiah Wright's church as a cover.
Some mindless nitwits may have thought they were voting for a superhero, but they may have wound up with a Muslim chameleon instead. 
As American soldiers continue to fight Muslim insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan while at the same time Islamic scholars point out to Muslims worldwide that it is against the teachings of the Koran for one Muslim to fight another Muslim, Barack Hussein Obama orders American troops to follow his very restrictive Rules of Engagement. By Obama’s orders, our soldiers are not even permitted to carry loaded weapons on patrol and cannot begin to fight until after they have been attacked. So is it possible that Barack Hussein Obama is using his authority over the troops to apply his own personal Muslim teachings thereby making it difficult for American soldiers to stay alive and kill enemy Muslims?

Muslims really love their symbolism, don't they.

Atlas Shrugs just reported that SOMA Architects, the architectural design consultants hired by the group planning to build a mega sized mosque at the Ground Zero site in New York City, just released the first drawings of the Park51 Community Center. One look at the outside facade in the picture below immediately makes you think of Tumbling Star of Davids. But of course the leftist news media and Islamic apologists would like everyone to forget that the attack on September 11, 2001 was committed by 19 Muslim terrorists in the name of Islam. According to the press releases Islam has always been a religion of peace and loves people of all faiths including Jews. But aside from that bull shit one thing Muslims really do love is their symbolism.
Here is an inside view looking out at the tumbling Star of Davids. If this doesn't remind you of a stack of tumbling Star of Davids, the insignia of the State of Israel, I can't think of anything else. Maybe the mosque developers have been planning an inside joke that will illustrate their ultimate goal to conquer Israel and that only Muslims will see the significance. Do they really think we are all that stupid or are they trying to strut their arrogance before the whole world?
Another web site that keeps a constant watch on the spread of Islam is Bare Naked Islam and they reported last August 15th about the design for the memorial going up in Shanksville, Pennsylvania to honor the heroes of United Flight 93 who sacrificed their lives to prevent the fourth airliner hijacked by Muslim terrorists on Sept. 11, 2001 from being used to attack our country. Bare Naked Islam wrote:
The design of the Flight 93 Memorial in Shanksville, Pa. is almost identical in appearance to the Islamic crescent moon and star symbol  — yes, the same iconic symbol adorning the flags of no fewer than 11 Muslim countries around the world today.
The half-mile wide crescent, originally named the Crescent of Embrace, points almost exactly to Mecca. That makes it a mihrab, the Mecca-direction indicator around which every mosque is built.
A second typical mosque feature is the 93 foot tall Tower of Voices, which as Mr. Burnett notes: Looks like a minaret, and has a crescent on top. These and a host of other Islamic and terrorist memorializing features all remain completely intact in the so-called redesign.
The design is called the Circle of Embrace now, but according to the Park Service’s own website the circle is still broken, and in the exact same places as before. The unbroken part of the circle, what symbolically remains standing in the wake of 9/11, is still a giant Islamic shaped crescent, still pointing to Mecca.

Muslims are marking their territory with symbols of Islam at every place they savagely attacked on 9/11. The Ground Zero Victory Mosque will complete the Islamic domination of all the American targets it destroyed on 9/11.
Here is a video from YouTube that gives a further explanation.

Thursday, September 23, 2010

Air pollution and lost American jobs: Something that everyone can agree on and should be concerned about.

According to a story printed in the British newspaper The Guardian on April 9, 2009 there are 90,000 giant cargo ships crossing our oceans every year, not 90,000 crossings but 90,000 ships. The ship owners are not burdened by having to buy highly processed fuel like our domestic trucking industry does. In fact, according to The Guardian, they burn the dirtiest "bunker fuel" with 2000 times the sulfur and other pollutants as the diesel fuel our trucks burn on America’s highways. It gets much worse, while these ships burn through tons of dirty fuel to move they are spewing out pollutants at huge rates. The Guardian claims secret shipping sources show that due to the dirty fuel used and energy required the pollution from the 15 largest ships equates to the pollution created annually by all the cars in the world. There are 760 million cars in the world today. Even if they are off by a 100 times the real rate, that is still a shocking figure considering there are 90,000 of these big cargo ships in operation today. It turns out these ships are the real source of pollution today and a completely unfair advantage for foreign manufacturers.

This interesting fact was brought to my attention by Todd Lipscomb, the Founder of, a company that specializes in selling merchandise that is only Made in the USA. And that by itself is worth mentioning.
The story in The Guardian, Health risks of shipping pollution have been 'underestimated', says one giant container ship can emit almost the same amount of cancer and asthma-causing chemicals as 50 million cars.

Now here is another interesting fact, according to the web site of the AFL/CIO Union
“More than 70 per cent of the products sold at Wal-Mart are made in China, according to the China Business Weekly.”   

“Those low-cost goods at Wal-Mart ultimately come at a high price: lost jobs, lower wages and unsupportable U.S. trade deficits.”

“Wal-Mart is the single largest importer of foreign-produced goods in the United States, and the majority of its private-label clothing is manufactured in at least 48 countries around the world—and almost none in the United States.”

“Wal-Mart’s biggest trading partner is China. The world’s largest retailer admits it bought some $18 billion in merchandise in 2004, from China, nearly 10 percent of all Chinese goods sold in this country that year. Through August 2005, the United States was running a $126 billion trade deficit with China.”
Wal-Mart has added another hidden cost to consumers as well. Their low wages and minimal benefits to its employees cause a significant number of them to qualify for Food Stamps and other supplements paid for by the rest of us taxpayers.  And as the AFL/CIO story brings out:
By supporting foreign-made goods on such a massive scale, the company that trumpets its All-American image is creating incentives for corporations to destroy good jobs in the United States.

    * As the world’s largest company with sales of $288 billion in 2004, Wal-Mart exerts a strong downward pressure on wages, and not only for its own workers. Its sheer size and buying power gives it the ability to influence wage rates of its competitors and suppliers, including manufacturing and construction companies.
    * Wal-Mart pressures its suppliers through a policy that says the price Wal-Mart will pay and will charge shoppers must drop each year for basic products that don't change. To survive in the face of the retail giant’s pricing demands, suppliers have had to lay off employees and close U.S. plants in favor of outsourcing products from overseas.

By purchasing such a large amount of goods produced in China, Wal-Mart indirectly supports continued workers’ rights abuses by Chinese authorities.

    * A Washington Post report showed how Wal-Mart pits suppliers against one another and squeezes them for the lowest price. As a result, the report says factories respond with longer hours or lower pay. And the workers have no options because China forbids independent trade unions.
So while we all sit back and enjoy the low cost merchandise imported from China, not just by Wal-Mart, the hidden costs of air pollution from those giant cargo ships and the extra taxes we pay to supplement low wage workers continue to get worse every day. That should be something everyone can agree on and should be concerned about. Talking about concern, many manufacturers in China take more shortcuts in producing their products because there is no quality control like we have in America. The end result is contaminated pet food laced with melamine and gypsum wall board emitting toxic gasses. As the Britannica web site pointed out in an aericle written by  Andrea Toback  on May 23, 2007:
As investigations continue into the deliberate contamination of protein additives for pet food by Chinese manufacturers, it is clear that what we’re seeing is not an isolated problem caused by a few dishonest individuals but a systemic crisis where thousands of products for human and animal consumption are routinely sent to the US from China that are tainted by bacterial contamination, banned pesticides and poisons, or that contain fake ingredients.

How will we celebrate Octoberfest after it is banned in Germany?

Germany is famous for great cars and great beer - and for Oktoberfest. People from around the world travel to Munich, Germany every year for this grand event held between September 14th to October 4th. Many Americans are equally proud of their German heritage and celebrate Oktoberfest here as well. The largest event held outside of Germany is called Oktoberfest Zinzinnati USA held in Cincinnati, Ohio. Similar events are held in Northern Kentucky and other cities as well.

One sad fact is that two staples of Oktoberfest are beer and pork because they constitute the two most popular food products of Germany. Cincinnati has so many German descendants it's nickname is Porkopolis. The following story reveals the calamity now facing Germany with the increase in Muslim immigrants and their extraordinary high birth rate. The head of the German government, Chancellor Angela Merkel, has stated that soon Germany will become an Islamic state due to this change in population. And with this change will come the spread of Islamic Sharia Laws and the end of Oktoberfest because according to Islamic law the two staples of Oktoberfest, beer and pork, will be banned. 

How then will our American cities continue to follow this grand festival if it will no longer be held in Germany?
 Germany Will Become Islamic State, Says Chancellor Merkel
Family Security Matters 22 September 2010
By Paul Williams, PhD
Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Germans have failed to grasp how Muslim immigration has transformed their country and will have to come to terms with more mosques than churches throughout the countryside, according to the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung daily.
"Our country is going to carry on changing, and integration is also a task for the society taking up the task of dealing with immigrants,” Ms. Merkel told the daily newspaper. "For years we've been deceiving ourselves about this. Mosques, for example, are going to be a more prominent part of our cities than they were before.”
Germany, with a population of 4-5 million Muslims, has been divided in recent weeks by a debate over remarks by the Bundesbank's Thilo Sarrazin, who argued Turkish and Arab immigrants were failing to integrate and were swamping Germany with a higher birth rate.
The Chancellor’s remarks represent the first official acknowledgement that Germany, like other European countries, is destined to become a stronghold of Islam. She has admitted that the country will soon become a stronghold.
In France, 30% of children age 20 years and below are Muslims. The ratio in Paris and Marseille has soared to 45%. In southern France, there are more mosques than churches.
The situation within the United Kingdom is not much different. In the last 30 years, the Muslim population there has climbed from 82,000 to 2.5 million. Presently, there are over 1000 mosques throughout Great Britain - - many of which were converted from churches.
In Belgium, 50% of the newborns are Muslims and reportedly its Islamic population hovers around 25%. A similar statistic holds true for The Netherlands.
It’s the same story in Russia where one in five inhabitants is a Muslim.
Muammar Gaddafi recently stated that "There are signs that Allah will grant victory to Islam in Europe without sword, without gun, without conquest. We don’t need terrorists; we don’t need homicide bombers. The 50 plus million Muslims (in Europe) will turn it into the Muslim Continent within a few decades.”
The numbers support him. Contributing Editor Paul L. Williams, Ph.D., is the author of The Day of Islam: The Annihilation of America and the Western World, The Al Qaeda Connection, and other best-selling books. He is a frequent guest on such national news networks as ABC News, CBS News, Fox News, MSNBC, and NPR. Visit his website at (...)

Wednesday, September 22, 2010

Examples of Sharia compliant law in non-Muslim countries.

Call it political correctness or just plain stupid but city officials in Dandnong, Victoria in Australia just released a new rule regarding public modesty at swimming pools for everyone that was designed to comply with Muslim demands for Sharia Law over exposing bare skin. We’ve all seen examples of the full body coverings the Muslims call the Burqa. Now at the behest of some Muslims in Australia, the government has issued a rule that ALL Australians must cover up their bodies when they are swimming or lounging around the water. Here is the story from the Dandenong Leader newspaper, 16 September 2010.
DANDENONG’S mayor has called on residents to embrace a Muslim event at which people will be forced to cover up. The event, to be held after hours at the public Dandenong Oasis pool on August 21, 2011, will require all participants older than 10 to follow a dress code of knee-length shorts and T-shirts. Women and men attending the event, aimed at diverse backgrounds, will be required to cover their torsos, extending to the upper arms and from waist to knee.

The Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal granted an exemption from the Equal Opportunity Act after an application was lodged by Victorian YMCA on behalf of itself and the City of Greater Dandenong. A women’s only swim session has operated at Dandenong Oasis from 6.15pm to 8.15pm on Sundays for the past two years. Greater Dandenong Mayor Jim Memeti said the women’s-only program had requested the council’s support to hold a “one-off community event for two hours to celebrate Ramadan ... in a culturally respectful manner”.
A similar rule was instituted in August 2009 in Great Britain and reported by the London Telegraph newspaper which said: "British swimming pools have begun hosting special Muslim swim sessions during which swimmers — including non-Muslims — are banned from entering the pool if their swimming attire doesn't comply with dress code required by Islamic custom."
In the June 30, 2010 issue of Vanity Fair, liberal writer and columnist Maureen Dowd apparently ditched her journalistic inquisitiveness when she wrote a story entitled: A Girl’s Guide to Saudi Arabia that included the following picture of her wearing a bathing suit variation called a Burqini that she says she bought in Australia.
Ms. Dowd writes: “I had bought a Burqini online from an Australian company, figuring I’d need one to go swimming. A Burqini—a burka bikini—is a full-body suit that resembles Apolo Ohno’s Olympic outfit or the getup Woody Allen wore to play a sperm in Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex …"
This is a swimsuit designed especially for muslim women wanting to become life guards in Australia (for more info see
The Australian newspaper The Herald Sun also reported about the public reaction to the new rule in Dandenong and the story mentioned they got almost 800 comments.
Cover up for pool event during next year's Ramadan
by: Padraic Murphy
September 23, 2010

UPDATE 12.35pm: A PLAN to force families to cover up to avoid offending Muslims at a public event has triggered furious debate. An overwhelming 94 per cent of readers disagree with the legal ruling approving the contentious ban during next year's Ramadan.
So far the Premier John Brumby has refused to weigh into the debate about the event, saying he will wait to see the VCAT ruling before making any comment.
VCAT has approved a ban on uncovered shoulders and thighs for a community event to be held at the Dandenong Oasis, a municipal pool.
"Participants aged 10 and over must ensure their bodies are covered from waist to knee and the entire torso extending to the upper arms," a request by Dandenong City Council and the YMCA states in an exemption application to the Equal Opportunities Act.
"Participants must not wear transparent clothing."
This issue has also sparked a huge community debate, with well over 500 people commenting on this morning.
Many readers feel the administrative ruling has gone too far to appease minority interests, and even senior Islamic figures have raised concerns about the precedent.
The request has been approved by VCAT and applies to a family event to be held at the pool next August. "The applicant intends this to be an event where people of all races and religions and ages may attend, use the Centre's facilities and socialise together," VCAT notes.
"The holy month of Ramadan has a particular focus on families and the applicant wishes to encourage families to attend and socialise together with others. "The minimum dress requirements are set having regard to the sensitivities of Muslims who wish to participate in the event."
The ban on skimpy clothes will apply between 6.15 and 8.15pm on August 21 next year, a time when the pool is closed to the public and normally used by a Muslim women's swimming group. The ban was yesterday compared by the Human Rights Commissioner Helen Szoke to a ban on thongs in a pub. "Matters such as this are not easy to resolve and require a balance to be achieved between competing rights and obligations," she said. "Dress codes are not uncommon: eg singlets, jeans, thongs etc in pubs/hotels."
Sherene Hassan, vice-president of the Islamic Society of Victoria, said she didn't support the dress restrictions. "My preference would be that no dress code is stipulated," Ms Hassan said.
But Liberty Victoria said the ban was reasonable because the event was to be held out of hours.
A spokeswoman for the City of Greater Dandenong said the ban would help Muslims feel part of the community.
There it is in the last sentence. The ban on conventional bathing attire was created so that it "would help Muslims feel part of the community". Sacrifice any right so that you don't offend any Muslims.

There are nearly 3.5 million Arab Americans in the United States according to The Arab American Institute. That is only about 1.3% of our population. Arab-Americans live in all 50 states and Washington, DC - and 94% reside in the metropolitan areas of major cities. The demographics from the 2010 Census haven’t been released yet but as of the last count 10 years ago in the 2000 U.S. Census, 48% of the Arab-American population - 576,000 - reside in California, Michigan, New York, Florida and New Jersey, respectively; these 5 states collectively have 31% of the net U.S. population. Five other states - Illinois, Texas, Ohio, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania - report Arab-American populations of more than 40,000 each. Also, the counties which contained the greatest proportions of Arab-Americans were in California, Michigan, New York, Florida, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the city with the largest percentage of Arab Americans is Dearborn, Michigan (southwestern suburb of Detroit) at nearly 30%. The Detroit metropolitan area of Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb counties is home to the largest concentration of Arab Americans (403,445) followed by Los Angeles (308,295), New York (230,899), Chicago (176,208), and Washington D.C. (168,208)
So with a handful of U.S. cities having any sizable Muslim populations, how have the laws been changed to accommodate them. Here is a selection of fairly good examples as compiled from the news. I am sure there are more but I have only begun keeping track for a few weeks.
In Dearborn, Michigan, a city with more than 30% Muslim population, Sharia Law is being enforced by the city police department. Standing on a public street some Christian missionaries working with  Acts 17 Apologetics were arrested by the police for handing out leaflets because some Muslims at an Arab Festival across the street complained.

In 2007, the University of Michigan installed ritual foot baths to accommodate Islamic tradition. "These things are beginning to percolate up as Shariah-adherent Muslims insist that their preferences and practices be accommodated by the rest of the population," said Frank Gaffney, founder and president of the Center for Security Policy — a Washington think tank

In East Lansing, Michigan someone found a burned copy of the Koran outside the Islamic Center of East Lansing. Whoever did it was exercising their Freedom of Speech just like the leftists do when they burn an American flag but the police department has offered a $10,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of those responsible. The police official who posted the reward was Det. Sherief Fadly. Apparently the First Amendment does not exist in this city.

A federal judge gave approval for Gold'n Plump Inc. and an employment agency to pay $1.35 million to settle lawsuits alleging religious discrimination against Muslims at a chicken processing plant in Cold Spring, Minn.

The money will go to 128 Somali Muslims who claim that St. Cloud-based Gold'n Plump violated their religious rights by refusing to allow them prayer breaks during work hours, and to another 28 workers who said a St. Paul employment agency, the Work Connection Inc., required them to sign forms acknowledging they would be required to handle pork.

Muslim taxi cab drivers want to refuse passengers at the airport who they believe may be carrying alcohol. The Metropolitan Airports Commission had proposed to give those Shar'i-minded drivers an off-colored light atop their cabs, allowing them to remain in queue while customers with bottles found other cabs but the plan was denied. "Proposed Taxi Test Program Canceled at Minneapolis-St. Paul International; Other Options Will be Considered To Improve Taxi Service," explained that public response to the proposed program " has been overwhelmingly against creation of a two-tiered taxi service system." Hassan Mohamud, vice president of Minnesota MAS, naturally expressed his disappointment in the decision. "More than half the taxi drivers are Muslim and ignoring the sensibilities of that community at the airport I think is not fair."

In Minnesota, the state accommodates Shariah's prohibition on interest payments by buying homes from realtors and reselling them to Muslims at an up-front price. Since when does government structure financial transactions to accommodate a single religious code?

New Jersey
State Motor Vehicle Dept. allows Muslim women to be photographed wearing full face covering with burqas for a drivers license.

New Jersey Transit Dept. fires employee for burning the Quran. Burning the Qur'an is not against American law. It may be obnoxious, but it is not illegal.

New Jersey
 Family Court Judge Joseph Charles, found a Muslim man not guilty of forcing his wife to have sex with him. In denying the restraining order to the woman after her divorce, ruled that her ex-husband felt he had behaved according to his Muslim beliefs — and that he did not have “criminal desire to or intent to sexually assault” his wife. "This court does not feel that, under the circumstances, that this defendant had a criminal desire to or intent to sexually assault or to sexually contact the plaintiff when he did. The court believes that he was operating under his belief that it is, as the husband, his desire to have sex when and whether he wanted to, was something that was consistent with his practices and it was something that was not prohibited." The Appellate Court later reversed the decision.

New York
From NY POST: State testmakers played favorites when quizzing high-schoolers on world religions -- giving Islam and Buddhism the kid-gloves treatment while socking it to Christianity, critics say.

Teachers complain that the reading selections from the Regents exam in global history and geography given last week featured glowing passages pertaining to Muslim society but much more critical essay excerpts on the subject of Christianity.

"There should have been a little balance in there," said one Brooklyn teacher who administered the exam but did not want to be identified.

"I can see why some people might see these questions as skewed," said Mark MacWilliams, a religious-studies professor at St. Lawrence University in upstate Canton. "Why does the exam seem to have only documents that portray Islam as a religion of peace, civilization and refinement, while it includes documents about Christianity that show it was anything but peaceful in the Spanish conquest of the Americas?"

Voters in November will decide a state question on the ballot on Banning Sharia Law. This sounds like a preemptive move in anticipation of the spread of Sharia Law.

In 2009, a Tyson Foods plant in Shelbyville, Tenn. replaced its traditional Labor Day holiday with paid time off on Eid al-Fitr, the Muslim festival — marking the end of fasting during Ramadan.

Best Buy chain of electronic stores orders employees to stop wishing Merry Christmas to customers. Also ads from store now wish Happy EID to celebrate Muslim holiday,

The web site The Catholic Knight reports: "Barack Obama’s nominee as Legal Adviser of the State Department, Harold Koh, has said that he has no objection to Islamic Sharia law being applied “in an appropriate case” in the United States. And at the same time, the world is witness to a veritable laboratory experiment of what it means to apply Sharia in a place where it previously had not been in effect."

"While Koh, of course, probably has in mind something like the voluntary Sharia arbitration courts that are currently operating in Britain, Sharia is a comprehensive system covering every aspect of life. It will not prove so easy to separate out its elements that do not conflict with Western laws from those that do...."
Europe has acquired larger Muslim populations due to very lax immigration policies. Policies that are now being questioned because of the numerous problems that have developed. Yet the population numbers on a country wide basis still reside below 10%, they are concentrated in areas that give them greater influence. 

Great Britain
Sharia Law has been officially recognized by the British Parliament and Muslim communities have been allowed to establish local courts to handle almost all civil matters.  The London Times reported the following on September 14, 2008:
ISLAMIC law has been officially adopted in Britain, with sharia courts given powers to rule on Muslim civil cases.
The government has quietly sanctioned the powers for sharia judges to rule on cases ranging from divorce and financial disputes to those involving domestic violence.
Rulings issued by a network of five sharia courts are enforceable with the full power of the judicial system, through the county courts or High Court.
Previously, the rulings of sharia courts in Britain could not be enforced, and depended on voluntary compliance among Muslims. It has now emerged that sharia courts with these powers have been set up in London, Birmingham, Bradford and Manchester with the network’s headquarters in Nuneaton, Warwickshire. Two more courts are being planned for Glasgow and Edinburgh.
A story in American Thinker says: "A June 2010 report entitled "Sharia Law in Britain: A Threat to One Law for All and Equal Rights" begins with Secretary General of the Islamic Sharia Council Suhaib Hasan saying, "If Sharia law is implemented, then you can turn this country [Great Britain] into a haven of peace because once a thief's hand is cut off nobody is going to steal." Furthermore, "once[,] just only once, if an adulterer is stoned[,] nobody is going to commit this crime at all," and finally, "[w]e want to offer it to the British society. If they accept it, it is for their good and if they don't accept it they'll need more and more prisons."
Another story appeared in The Brussels Journal on September 15, 2008.

From Magna Carta to Sharia Law – Britain’s Decline

Before the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, few us knew anything about Islam, and no one had heard of sharia law. A couple of years ago even, it seemed unimaginable that Britain would adopt Islamic law.

We have sunk further and quicker than we thought possible. Today we learned that sharia courts (which have operated illegally in Britain until now) are being re-classed as tribunal hearings, making their judgments legally binding. According to the Daily Express, “new powers have been given to tribunals in London, Birmingham, Bradford and Manchester with the network’s headquarters in Nuneaton, Warwickshire. Two more courts are being planned for Glasgow and Edinburgh.” According to the Daily Mail, this “[…] new network of courts […] agree[s] to be bound by traditional sharia law, and under the 1996 Arbitration Act the court's decisions can then be enforced by the county courts or the High Court.”


A popular Spanish nightclub has been forced to change its name from Mecca after sparking a furious reaction around the Islamic world.

This act may also affect the English language use of the word “Mecca” which has been frequently use to indicate a haven of sorts, as in: “The store was a Mecca for sports enthusiasts.”

Home Overseas 7 May 2009
France has overhauled elements of its domestic tax law in a move that will allow the rules of Islamic finance to be followed without attracting tax penalties, therefore viewed by the tax authorities in the same way as their western counterparts.

The term ‘Islamic finance’ pertains to the ways that business and personal financial matters are handled while respecting Sharia law. Sharia forbids gambling and interest and so many of the transactions which are regarded as normal to conventional financial institutions – ranging from mortgages to interest bearing savings accounts to insurance – have to be structured differently and can in the process attract a tax penalty.
France has a Muslim population of six to seven million people, the largest in Western Europe. 
From the Digital Journal: 
Muslim youth in Britain are demanding that they be allowed to establish Islamic Law . . .

This story is really fascinating and speaks to a few issues. First, these radical enclaves are not uncommon in Europe - notably the Netherlands, Spain, France, and Norway, and they are increasingly common in the U.S. The second element is that there are studies underway in many of these countries that show that the young generation - who are often not native to the Middle East where their parents came from, but rather to theWestern host country, are in fact more fundamentalist, more violence-oriented, more radical in their religious fervor, than are their own parents and grandparents. (One well-documented example is the Muslim neighborhoods of Paris.)
The Swiss government has recently enforced an embargo on the construction of minarets on mosques. The French government has passed a ban on wearing the Burqa in public and so has Belgium and Spain. The backlash continues in other countries all due to the resistance of Muslims to assimilate themselves and become part of the community in the country the choose to live in. If you want to read the arguments the Muslims claim that justify their rejection of allegiances to their host countries, read the comments from pro-Muslim authorities on the web site Islam Online. The question we must ask ourselves AND ask our government, is why do these people think they have a right to tell us to obey their religious laws and why does our government agree with them. THIS IS AMERICA, either LOVE IT OR LEAVE IT.

Monday, September 20, 2010

So this is why the "Religion of Peace" is so violent.

I just read the best quote ever about Islam on the Jihad Watch web site. It comes from the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Moosavi Khomeini  who was an 
Iranian religious leader and politician and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death in 1989.
The Ayatollah Khomeini's words ring true today and that explains a lot about the attitude of so many Muslims.
"Allah did not create man so that he could have fun. The aim of creation was for mankind to be put to the test through hardship and prayer. An Islamic regime must be serious in every field. There are no jokes in Islam. There is no humor in Islam. There is no fun in Islam. There can be no fun and joy in whatever is serious."
In America our Constitution recognizes that we have God given rights and our citizens enjoy so many more freedoms than anywhere else in the world. This is a source of major controversy among the Islamic population here because they refuse to recognize these rights when it contradicts their interests. They do not want to live by the laws in our country because they are man-made laws. It isn't so much that as Khomeini said: "There are no jokes in Islam. There is no humor in Islam. There is no fun in Islam." in Islam there is no freedom of expression. Muslims will quote "our" constitutional rights as "their" rights when they want to build a mosque close to the place where 19 Muslim terrorists destroyed the World Trade Center and killed almost 3,000 people but when it comes to criticizing their religion or burning their holy Koran they threaten to kill the infidels involved.
The Ayatollah Khomeini is famous for other religious observations concerning Islam. Here is another one.

By the way, the story on Jihad Watch that prompted them to bring up the quote about not being allowed to have fun in Islam was about some disgruntled religious terrorists who burned down an amusement park in Gaza.
"Gaza water park burned down after shut down by Hamas," by Khaled Abu Toameh for the Jerusalem Post, September 19:
Unidentified gunmen on Sunday set fore to Crazy Water Park, one of the Gaza Strip's most popular entertainment sites. 
And you may ask yourself: the "world's biggest concentration camp," as the propaganda goes (despite the briskly economic growth, full markets, and luxury goods), has had a water park?
Eyewitnesses said that at least 25 assailants participated in the pre-dawn attack. The gunmen beat the two night watchmen, bound their hands and confiscated their mobile phones before setting the complex on fire, they said.
Manager Ala al-A'raj said that the water park was closed down by Hamas two weeks ago. He said that no one was injured in the attack, which destroyed the resort completely.
No group claimed responsibility for the arson and the Hamas government, which issued a strong condemnation, promised to pursue the perpetrators and bring them to trial.
Two human rights organizations also condemned the torching of Crazy Water Park and called for an immediate investigation.
"The attackers stormed the resort using a four-wheel drive vehicle," one of the guards told a human rights group. "They along with another group of gunmen, set fire to the two main buildings, Beduin tents and 300 nargilas [water pipes]."
Last week the Hamas government ordered the closure of Crazy Water Park for three weeks under the pretext that the place did not have a proper license.
Last month Hamas policemen raided the resort and expelled dozens of men and women who had gathered for a fast-breaking meal during Ramadan. The owner of the site was summoned for questioning and warned not to hold events where men and women sit together.
Sources in the Gaza Strip said that Hamas has been targeting the water park because the owners violated an order banning women from smoking the nargila in public places.
Last week the Hamas authorities closed down the Sama sea-side restaurant in Gaza City where a woman was seen smoking the nargila.
Human rights activists said that Hamas has recently stepped up its efforts to impose strict Islamic teachings in the Gaza Strip.
Nothing new, actually. Just a continuation of Hamas' implementation of its agenda.
They noted that last week Hamas closed down the Aseel Horse Club, also under the pretext that it was operating without a proper license.
Hamas policemen also raided the Beach Hotel and handed the owner an order closing it down for three days. The decision was taken because one of the hotel restaurants had allowed a woman to smoke the nargila.
Two weeks ago Hamas policemen also stormed two halls in Gaza City where cultural events were taking place and kicked out the guests. The owners of the halls were requested to sign a document pledging that they would not host such events in the future....

Friday, September 17, 2010

Study in Britain reveals: The ideology of non-violent Islamists is broadly the same as that of violent Islamists; they disagree only on tactics.

Hat tip to Bare Naked Islam
The British newspaper, The Guardian, published a story last month that has just come to light in the United States about a British government funded investigation completed by the Quilliam Foundation, a counter-extremism think tank that concluded: "The ideology of non-violent Islamists is broadly the same as that of violent Islamists; they disagree only on tactics." The Guardian says: "The list was drawn up for Charles Farr, the director general of the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT), a directorate of the Home Office. Farr is a former senior intelligence officer." and also says the list 'not for public disclosure' but it was leaked to the Internet. The full text of the 65-page report is available here on Scribd. Here is the story from The Guardian:
List sent to terror chief aligns peaceful Muslim groups with terrorist ideology
* Vikram Dodd, crime correspondent
*, Wednesday 4 August 2010 22.53 BST
A secret list prepared for a top British security official accuses peaceful Muslim groups, politicians, a television channel and a Scotland Yard unit of sharing the ideology of terrorists.

The list was drawn up for Charles Farr, the director general of the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT), a directorate of the Home Office. Farr is a former senior intelligence officer.

It was sent to him in June by the Quilliam Foundation, a counter-extremism thinktank which has received about £1m in government funding.

Quilliam was co-founded by Ed Husain and Maajid Nawaz, former activists in the radical Islamist party Hizb ut-Tahrir. Critics of the foundation accused it of McCarthyite smear tactics and branded its claims ridiculous. The foundation declined repeated requests for comment.

The document sent to Farr is entitled "Preventing terrorism; where next for Britain?" It lists alleged extremist sympathisers, including the Muslim Council of Britain, the main umbrella group in Britain for Islamic organisations. It also claims that a Scotland Yard counter-terrorism squad called the Muslim Contact Unit is dominated by extremist ideology.

Other groups include the Muslim Safety Forum, which works with the police to improve community relations, the Islamic Human Rights Commission, and even the Islam Channel, which provides television programmes for Muslims on satellite.

The briefing document says: "The ideology of non-violent Islamists is broadly the same as that of violent Islamists; they disagree only on tactics.

"These are a selection of the various groups and institutions active in the UK which are broadly sympathetic to Islamism. Whilst only a small proportion will agree with al-Qaida's tactics, many will agree with their overall goal of creating a single 'Islamic state' which would bring together all Muslims around the world under a single government and then impose on them a single interpretation of sharia as state law."

The document adds that if local or central government engages with such groups "it risks empowering proponents of the ideology, if not the methodology, that is behind terrorism".

The report was addressed personally to Farr and says it is not to be seen by civil servants, only by him, ministers and their special advisers. Nonetheless, it was leaked and posted on the web.

Also listed in the document are the Muslim Association of Britain, the Federation of Student Islamic Societies, the Cordoba Foundation, and Muslim Welfare House, based in north London, which was instrumental in forcing the extremist cleric Abu Hamza out of the Finsbury Park mosque where he preached.

The Finsbury Park mosque, now under new management, is also declared extremist, as are Birmingham Central mosque and the East London mosque.

Politicians described as "Islamist backed" include Salma Yaqoob, who stood for the Respect party in Birmingham, and the former MP George Galloway.

The government has made public efforts to woo British Muslims by promising reviews of disliked policies such as stop and search and the Prevent programme, which aims to tackle extremism.

Fatima Khan, vice-chair of the Muslim Safety Forum, said: "[Quilliam's] attack on the MSF is yet another example of their McCarthyism and desperation to ensure government funding. We deplore such tactics that seek to slander, divide and discredit genuine organisations that work within the grassroots of the Muslim communities for the purpose of our safety."

The Labour MP Keith Vaz, chair of the home affairs select committee, said: "I think it's very dangerous to be drawing up lists of this kind. I am concerned and will be writing to the home secretary to ask if the government requested this list, what is the status of this list, and why it is being considered in this way."

Inayat Bunglawala, chair of Muslims4Uk and a former MCB spokesperson, said: "This is just like something straight out of a Stasi manual. The advice from Quilliam is frankly appalling and incredibly self-serving.

"This is a truly shocking document, and it is little wonder that the Quilliam Foundation marked it as being not for public disclosure. In effect, Quilliam – a body funded very generously by the government through Prevent – are attempting to set themselves up as arbiters of who is and is not an acceptable Muslim. Their document specifically contains a McCarthy-type list of large and established Muslim organisations that they regard as suspect and smears them as being 'Islamists'."

Robert Lambert, who co-founded and led Scotland Yard's Muslim Contact Unit, said: "The list demonises a whole range of groups that in my experience have made valuable contributions to counter-terrorism."

He said he had never seen such a list before, warned that it could damage Muslim confidence in the government, and said the meaning of the list was clear: "They are arguing these are either witting or unwitting fellow travellers, providing the mood music for the terrorists."

Quilliam's argument is that the government cannot merely tackle those advocating terrorist violence, but also has to target those who have the same views, even if they advocate peaceful means.

Senior Tory party figures are sympathetic to such views. One source with knowledge of Conservative thinking on security issues told the Guardian that the briefing document is "quite in line with what Quilliam and the Conservatives have been thinking for years". Critics say such an approach is ill-founded and risks branding vast swathes of Muslim Britain as extremist. Supporters say it is necessary to tackle the roots of terrorist violence.

The briefing document from Quilliam also addresses the Prevent programme, which the Conservative coalition has criticised.

Asked to comment, the government concentrated its response on this aspect.

A Home Office spokesperson said: "We believe the Prevent programme isn't working as effectively as it could and want a strategy that is effective and properly focused – that is why we are reviewing it."
Great Britain has been plagued in recent years with frequent acts of terrorism and demonstrations by many of its Muslim population as they have swelled to almost 5%. Similar demonstrations have sprung up across Europe calling for Sharia Law to replace civil law.
Click photos for larger view.

Today we celebrate the signing of the United States Constitution

223 years ago, on September 17, 1787, 39 Americans put their signatures upon a document consisting of 4,377 words that formed a new government and created a new nation that would change the shape of the world forever. The Constitution of the United States of America was ratified and they had established a new Republic. A nation of laws was born, unlike any country that ever existed before.
The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States.

The Constitution created the three branches of the national government: a legislature consisting of two houses of Congress (The House of Representatives and the Senate); an executive branch led by the President; and a judicial branch headed by the Supreme Court. The Constitution specifies the powers and duties of each branch. The Constitution reserves that all powers not specifically given to the Federal government are to be given to the respective states and the people, thereby establishing the federal system of government.
The question of including a Bill of Rights in the body of the Constitution was discussed at the Philadelphia Convention on September 12, 1787. During the debate over the form and shape and purpose of the this new nation it was argued that the Constitution should not be ratified because it failed to protect the fundamental principles of human liberty. These fundamental principles were introduced by James Madison to the First United States Congress in 1789 as a series of articles, which came to be known as The Bill of Rights and came into effect on December 15, 1791, when they had been ratified by three-fourths of the States.
It is fitting on this occasion to take a few moments and read what the Founding Fathers of our great nation wrote.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Article I

Section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

Section 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of Honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

Section 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.

Section 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.

Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.

Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.

Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

Section 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.

No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time: and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.

Section 7. All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.

Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

Section 8. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;

To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;

To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;

To establish Post Offices and post Roads;

To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;

To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;

To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;

To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;

To provide and maintain a Navy;

To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;

To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;--And

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

Section 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

Section 10. No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.

No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

Article II

Section 1. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.

The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."

Section 2. The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Section 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

Section 4. The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

Article III

Section 1. The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

Section 2. The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between two or more States;--between a State and Citizens of another State;--between Citizens of different States;--between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

Section 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

Article IV

Section 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records, and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

Section 2. The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.

Section 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

Section 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

Article V

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.

Article VI

All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwith-standing.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.

Article VII

The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth

In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,

George Washington--President and deputy from Virginia

New Hampshire: John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman

Massachusetts: Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King

Connecticut: William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman

New York: Alexander Hamilton

New Jersey: William Livingston, David Brearly, William Paterson, Jonathan Dayton

Pennsylvania: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robert Morris, George Clymer, Thomas FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouverneur Morris

Delaware: George Read, Gunning Bedford, Jr., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jacob Broom

Maryland: James McHenry, Daniel of Saint Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carroll

Virginia: John Blair, James Madison, Jr.

North Carolina: William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh Williamson

South Carolina: John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler

Georgia: William Few, Abraham Baldwin